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TOEFL 2019 Format Changes: Length, Timing, Scoring, and Preparation

toefl 2019 format changes -magoosh

ETS has just announced some big TOEFL 2019 format changes. This is obviously very important news for anyone who will take the test August 1 of 2019 or later. Clemmonsdogpark has been keeping a close eye on the situation, and we have a full update for you below. Read on to find out what will change, what will not change, and what resources are available.

Can you study for the new TOEFL with old TOEFL materials?

Yes, you can. Clemmonsdogpark’s current TOEFL prep materials will change on August 1, 2019, when the new test rolls out. But even before that update, and other popular TOEFL books can be used to study for the August-and-after TOEFL exam. These materials have the same kinds of questions, tasks, passages and audio tracks as the new TOEFL. You should use prep based on the old TOEFL a little differently if you’re taking the new version of the test, though. You’ll need to slightly adjust your pacing in Reading (slow down a little) and Listening (speed up just a bit). And you’ll want to skip two of the Speaking Tasks. For more details on the changes to Reading, Listening, and Speaking, read the section immediately below.

TOEFL 2019 Format Changes to Timing, Pacing, and Content

Below is a side-by-side comparison of the old test and the new test, after August 1, 2019. Changes have been noted in bold.

Old TOEFL vs. New TOEFL

SectionOld TOEFLNew TOEFL
TOEFL Reading3-4 passages (standard length of 3 passages)

12-14 questions per passage

60-80 minutes

Average of 1 min. 40 sec. per question
3-4 passages (standard length of 3 passages)

10 questions per passage

54-72 minutes

Average of 1 min. 48 sec. per question
TOEFL Listening4-6 lectures, 6 questions each (standard length of 4 lectures)


2-3 conversations, 5 questions each (standard length of 3 conversations)

60-90 minutes

Average of 1 min. 46 sec per question
3-4 lectures, 6 questions each (standard length of 3 lectures)

2-3 conversations, 5 questions each (standard length of 3 conversations)

41-57 minutes

Average of 1 min. 28 sec. per question
TOEFL Speaking6 tasks

2 TOEFL Independent Speaking tasks

4 TOEFL Integrated Speaking tasks

20 minutes
4 tasks

1 TOEFL Independent Speaking task

3 TOEFL Integrated Speaking tasks

17 minutes
TOEFL Writing2 tasks

50 minutes of response time
2 tasks

50 minutes of response time

(NO CHANGES)
Whole test3.5 hours3 hours

Speaking Tasks on the New TOEFL: Removed Tasks and Renumbered Tasks

In addition to the changes above, the 4 TOEFL Speaking tasks from the old TOEFL that are still in the new TOEFL will be renumbered. The table below provides a detailed look at the way tasks have been removed and renumbered:

TOEFL Speaking Tasks
(old TOEFL)
TOEFL Speaking Tasks
(new TOEFL)
TOEFL Speaking Task 1 (Independent)(removed)
Task 2 (Independent)Task 1 (Independent)
Task 3 (Integrated)Task 2 (Integrated)
Task 4 (Integrated)Task 3 (Integrated)
Task 5 (Integrated)Removed
Task 6 (Integrated)Task 4 (Integrated)

Changes to TOEFL Prep Materials

To accommodate the TOEFL 2019 format changes, ETS will be changing and updating some of its TOEFL prep materials. Here is what we know so far:

  • TOEFL Quick Prep, as of right now, only features the Volume 1 and Volume 2 PDFs, which have no audio. In the mean time, volumes 1-4 of TOEFL Quick Prep, complete with audio, are accessible through .
  • The official TOEFL online class from EdX will soon change so that the video lessons and practice activities reflect that new TOEFL.

Changes to TOEFL Scoring

Test-takers who’ve taken the TOEFL more than once will now get a “superscore” their TOEFL tests. By this, I mean that their score report will show the best individual section scores across multiple tests, if they’ve taken the TOEFL multiple times. This will be done automatically at no extra charge to the test-taker. TOEFL score reports for tests taken after August 1 will always show the top section scores from across all exam sessions a test-taker has had.

What Will NOT Change in the New TOEFL Exam

OK, we’ve already covered some of what won’t change in the sections above. But it’s good to get an overview of what’s remaining the same for the TOEFL. Here is a roundup of all the things that are the same in the old TOEFL and the new!

  • TOEFL Reading will continue to have a standard format of 3 passages, with the possibility of a fourth experimental passage.
  • TOEFL Listening will continue to have 6 questions per lecture or classroom discussion, and 5 questions per conversation.
  • TOEFL Reading and TOEFL Listening will keep all of the same question types. (In other words, there are fewer questions in these sections, but not fewer question types.)
  • Reading times, preparation times, and response times will not change for the TOEFL Speaking tasks that are being kept in the exam.
  • On the four TOEFL Speaking tasks that will remain on the exam, the time limits for preparation and speech have not changed.
  • The TOEFL Writing section will remain exactly as is: the same two tasks, the same task and section time limits.
  • The scaled score system (0-30 per section, 0-120 for the whole test) will stay the same.
  • For people who’ve only taken the test once, however, score calculation and score reporting remains exactly the same.

What We Don’t Know (Yet) about the TOEFL 2019 Format Changes

  • Whether or not the onscreen timer itself will look or work any differently.
  • What TOEFL Quick Prep is going to look like in the long-run… or the near future.
  • When the updated versions of other official TOEFL prep materials will be released.

Where to Go for More Information from ETS

The best place to go for current, official information about the TOEFL 2019 format changes is ETS’s “” page. This page includes , and information on both the page and the PDF are updated as needed.

What Clemmonsdogpark is Doing to Help Students Prepare for These Changes

Right now, we’re working on identifying all the articles on our blog that require revisions based on the new test. There are quite a few of them! We are also in the process of updating our video lessons, practice questions, and other test prep materials as needed. Before August 1, we will mark soon-to-be-outdated posts with a note mentioning the upcoming changes. After August 1, we will change all Clemmonsdogpark TOEFL Blog posts to reflect the most current version of the TOEFL. August 1 is also the date we’ll change our video lessons and practice questions.

In the meantime, as I mentioned at the beginning of this article, you can use Clemmonsdogpark’s current material to study for the new version of the exam. Still, these are some big changes! So feel free to post comments and questions here on the blog. And of course, subscribers can also use the purple “Help” button on their account pages to email Clemmonsdogpark directly with questions about these changes to the exam.

We will also update this article as needed. Watch this space!

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