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GRE Reading Comprehension


Here’s the best approach to avoid getting trapped by misleading answer choices in the GRE’s Reading Comprehension section.

The RAMA method is one I’ve refined over the years, while tutoring for the GMAT, SAT, and GRE. While there are differences between each test in terms of approach, and what to look out for, the tests are overall very similar. Below is the RAMA I’ve adapted for the New GRE.

So, you’re probably wondering, what does RAMA stand for? R (Re-phrase), A (Anticipate), M (Match), A (Awareness). Let’s take a closer look!

1.     Re-phrase question in your own words

Reading the question is the obvious part. The not-so-obvious part is putting the question into your own words. What often happens is you will read the question, and then go back to the passage without understanding what the question was asking in the first place. At this point, you are likely to grasp at words in the passages that look important. Then, you may go back to the passage and simply look for those words in the answer choices. The test writers know this, and will, therefore, make sure that even the wrong answer choices include words from the passage.

Instead of falling into this trap, it is best to rephrase the question in your own words. The more straightforward your interpretation of the question, the better you will be able to navigate through the passage when looking for the answer.

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2.     Anticipate the answer

Now that’s you’ve re-phrased the question in your own words, you must return to the passage and find the answer. Once you think you’ve found the answer, try to phrase the answer in your own words. If you are noticing a common theme, i.e. putting everything in your own words, that is because doing so is the single most effective away to avoid getting trapped by the answer choices. On other hand, if you immediately begin scanning the answer choices without anticipating the answer, you’ll likely get trapped. This is especially true on primary purpose/main idea questions.

3.     Match Answer

Once you have come up with your own answer, you want to return to the answer choices and match them up with the answer choice that you think is the closest. If none of the answers works, you can return to the passage and read it one more time to see if you’ve misinterpreted something. Or, you can eliminate answer choices to see if you are left with one answer. To effectively eliminate wrong answer choices you need an…

4.     Awareness of Wrong Answers Choices 

When the test writers are creating a multiple-choice question, they create wrong answer choices that fall into several categories. Knowing these categories can help you correctly identify and eliminate wrong answers.

    • Too Extreme
    • Assumes Too Much
    • Rotten Fruit
    • Beyond the Scope of the Passage
    • Too Broad/Too Specific
    • True…But Doesn’t Answer the Question



This may all seem rather complicated, and it can be. But don’t worry – by doing a few reading comprehension passages and applying the RAMA technique, you will start to get a sense of how all of the above comes together. 


Blog posts about Reading Comprehension:


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77 Responses to GRE Reading Comprehension

  1. Ashish K August 13, 2012 at 11:15 am #

    Hi Chris, I came to know that to conquer Reading Comprehensions we must read a lot..

    then could you please tell me what kind of prose we should read?? apart from nytimes, wsj and american since…

    I am unable to decipher american arts and american politics…

    Help Plz..

    Ur suggestions r most welcome

  2. satish August 11, 2012 at 7:54 am #

    Hi Chris

    Can you please explain on the “rotten fruit” part of your post. What does it really mean?

    • Chris Lele
      Chris August 13, 2012 at 2:00 pm #

      What I mean to say is that certain answer choices are 90% correct. Students read only the 90% and think that the question must therefore be correct. The other 10% of the answer choice contains something that is patently wrong, and thus invalidates the entire answer.

      The reason I use the rotten fruit metaphor is to describe how we purchase fruit. We don’t look at the 90% that is ripe to make our purchase. We look at the entire fruit. If anything is off, i.e. that one rotten spot, we put the fruit back. Likewise, we should eliminate such answer choices.

      Hope that helps!

      • satish August 14, 2012 at 2:41 am #

        Satiated… 🙂

        thanks Chris

        • Chris Lele
          Chris August 15, 2012 at 7:34 pm #

          You are welcome!

  3. saran July 28, 2012 at 7:13 pm #

    Hi chris ,

    Im doing really bad in RC. I could answer only half of the question correctly.. i find it difficult to answer the primary purpose or main idea questions. sometimes i get stuck with the two answer choices and end up selecting the wrong one. can u suggest me some material from where i can practice more RC ??

    • Chris Lele
      Chris July 30, 2012 at 12:02 pm #

      A really helpful strategy is to try to come up with the main idea in your own words. Then match your answer to the appropriate answer choice. Doing so helps you avoid misleading wording in the wrong answer choice.

      Hope that helps!

  4. Rahul July 27, 2012 at 8:08 am #

    Hi Chris,
    Can you tell me what is the difference between Maghoosh verbal GRE online prepration and Manhattan GRE last two verbal books.

    • Chris Lele
      Chris July 30, 2012 at 12:05 pm #

      The two are very different. Magoosh is entirely video lesson based. Also the questions are all on the computer. As far as the verbal books go, I would not recommend the MGRE SE/TC book. The questions do not accurately reflect what is on the actual test.

      Hope that helps!

      • Rahul August 20, 2012 at 5:16 pm #

        Thank you, Chris. Shouldn’t 1 say “Rephrase question in your own words”?

        • Chris Lele
          Chris August 21, 2012 at 11:41 am #

          Thanks for catching that :).

  5. Dekardy July 25, 2012 at 9:20 pm #

    hi Chris, i have recently given GRe test and scored in verbal section 142 and in quantitive section 162 stiil waiting my AWA score. I am interested in Australian universities and one particular university is University of Melbourne. my intended program is masters in economics. So can i get admitted?

    • Chris Lele
      Chris July 27, 2012 at 3:50 pm #

      Hi Dekardy,

      My specialty is the GRE. I don’t know too much admissions. And as this is the first time someone has asked me about Australian universities, I am at a loss to answer your question. Sorry :(.

  6. Aman July 19, 2012 at 1:51 am #

    Hey Chris,
    Is there any difference between MGRE and MGMAT rc study guide?
    Actually I have MGMAT RC guide looking for the gre version and wanted to buy its ebook

    • Chris Lele
      Chris July 19, 2012 at 6:16 pm #

      Hi Aman,

      There are definitely some differences because the scope of passages and types of questions differ between the two tests. Overall the approach to RC is the same. I’d still pick up the MGRE RC book.

  7. Rahul July 18, 2012 at 11:06 am #

    Hi Chris,
    I had bought 4th edition of your books for GMAT exam and got a good score thanks to you and your work that you have done with these books to make bright future of several aspirants like me. I really like to appreciate the the work done on strategies of verbal section.
    My sister is writting her GRE exam on Aug 30, she has been prepared from NOVA GRE maths bible, Barrons(old) and Kaplan premiere 2009 she is getting 700 score in quants but she is not sattisfied with her verbal section. I want to know one thing that the strategies of Manhattan GMAT verbal will be same for GRE also or some changes should be done to learn.Please give me a detailed explaination because you make my life and i want her life also to be setteled like me.
    thanks and Regards

    • Chris Lele
      Chris July 18, 2012 at 3:48 pm #

      HI Rahul,

      I’m glad we helped with your GMAT!

      The GRE verbal, however, is very different from the GMAT verbal. It’s basically a difference of vocab and grammar. Our Ebook should give you a sense of this.

      Let me know if you have any other questions 🙂

      • Rahul July 23, 2012 at 1:10 pm #

        Hey Chris,
        Thanks very much for you informative reply.

  8. AD July 17, 2012 at 10:59 pm #

    Hi Chris,

    I really appreciate the addition of new questions to the Magoosh course in the Verbal section. It would be great if there could be a few more questions added in the Reading Comprehension section. Also, could you suggest some resources (other than Magoosh) for more GRE question-type practice in this section?

    • Chris Lele
      Chris July 18, 2012 at 3:50 pm #

      I’m glad you enjoy the new questions. We are working on getting more RC questions into the product. For more practice, I recommend the MGRE 6-online tests, which you get free by buying one of the MGRE books.

      Good luck!

  9. Sepehr July 3, 2012 at 9:22 pm #

    Dear Chris,
    Thank you very, very, very much! 🙂

    • Chris Lele
      Chris July 4, 2012 at 2:01 pm #

      You are welcome 🙂

  10. Sepehr July 3, 2012 at 1:06 am #

    Hello Chris,

    Thank you very much for the tips and hints.

    I have started preparing for the GRE exam, and I am planning to take the test 4-5 months from now. My overall reading comprehension skill is not that bad: I scored 23/30 (which is categorized as “High”) in TOEFL iBT exam; but I find myself desperate and frustrated in GRE RC. I tried some GMAT reading comprehensions and didn’t do better than answering half of the questions correctly. I also tried Barrons’ and did better, since I found the texts shorter and easier to understand. Furthermore, I recently took your advice and started reading “The Atlantic” articles, and will continue reading those of Christopher Hitchens’, as you suggested somewhere. But unfortunately, I am not sure any of them will help me improve my score, because I haven’t observed any improvements in my situation since 3 weeks ago, when I started preparation.

    Now, out of frustration, I have a couple of questions:

    1- How much time, in average (because they vary in length and complexity), we can spend on a passage?

    2- How many critical reasoning questions will be on RC section?

    3- Which one is more important: Learning how to attack critical reasoning questions , e.g. weakening, must be true questions, assumptions, etc., or improving our reading ability?

    4-Which one do you recommend the most? Learning RC tactics from Princeton’s “Cracking the New GRE”, and applying them on ETS Official Guide, or “Manhattan GRE” is more effective and comprehensive?

    Thank you once again for all the helps and great tips.

    • Chris Lele
      Chris July 3, 2012 at 5:16 pm #

      Hi Sepehr,

      I definitely encourage you to continue on your path of learning. Reading the Altlantic, etc. should help you in terms of vocabulary. Of course nothing matches reading the actual RC passages themselves. And for almost everyone I’ve ever taught, improving on RC takes the longest time. It is a slow, incremental improvement – definitely stick with it.

      1) It is hard to give an exact estimate on reading time, as the passages differ so much. I would say do not spend more than 8 minutes on the very long passage. (Assuming there are 5 questions max).

      2) There should only be about 2 or 3 critical reasoning questions.

      3) Both are important. If you want to become adept at Critical Reasoning practice these types is essential. Our Magoosh product has plenty of them. Ditto the Official GMAT guide.

      4) Really depends on which tactics you find work best for you. Overall, the tactics between Princeton and MGRE are not too different. MGRE tactics tend to be more nuanced.

      Hopefully that helps, and keep persevering. RC success will be yours :).

  11. A R June 16, 2012 at 8:09 am #

    Hi Chris!
    My last GRE Verbal was 147 and I need something more than 155. My weakest part, in effect, is reading and I wonder if there is any test bank, in paper preferably, that you recommend.
    One more question. Do you thinl it’ll be wise if I study big book’s readings?

    • Chris Lele
      Chris June 19, 2012 at 3:16 pm #

      Hi AR.,

      Sure, the big book has got lots of touch passages. While some of the RC passages are slightly different in tone (they are more straightforward), many questions from the big book should help prepare you for test day.

      For even more practice, pick up either the GMAT Official Guide, 13th edition, or an LSAT book containing the real tests. This level of RC will definitely help :).

      • A R June 20, 2012 at 12:19 am #

        Thanks a million Chris 🙂 .

  12. Harsha May 21, 2012 at 7:30 am #

    Hey Chris!

    Whenever i attempt RC questions , I first read the whole passage and then read the question and end up reading the passage again to look for the answer. I end up reading the passage atleast thrice for every question. what is the best approach to be taken for a RC? Like are you supposed to read the question and then read the passage or the other way around? Sometimes they ask ” what can be inferred from this passage?” In that case you have to read the whole passage anyway to answer the question. Hope you can help me out.


    • Chris Lele
      Chris May 21, 2012 at 4:07 pm #

      Hi Harsha,

      Essentially, read the entire passage first so that you understand the big picture, the main function of each paragraph, and have a sense of where different details are located. You will end up reading certain parts of the passage twice (or thrice). Do not read the questions and then attempt to look for the answer. As for inference questions as long as you have a big picture idea of the passage, you should be able to eliminate the wrong answers.

      Here is another post that you may find helpful:

      Let me know how it goes. And I’ll be happy to answer any other questions you may have :).

  13. Aman April 10, 2012 at 3:44 am #

    Hi Chris,
    This one is quite a labyrinth ,took me long to get a browse it over, leave apart perusing,moreover i found this passage nondescript but i think this is because of the inscrutable language .
    I think this method is best approach to be camaraderie with the passage ,however abbreviating should be done as swiftly as possible.

    Thanks Chris,

    • Chris Lele
      Chris April 10, 2012 at 2:35 pm #

      You’re welcome!

      It is a tough passage, and hopefully exam day you will not have to contend with such a beast :).

  14. Aman April 6, 2012 at 10:37 am #

    Hey Chris,
    As i mentioned in my previous comments your advice and MGMAT strategies helped me a lot.I tried these techniques and was quite successful,but Irony of the situation was when thought of trying these in a mock exam i was ceded by a convoluted passage that quashed me from trying the technique .

    The passage goes like this ……

    Many literary detectives have pored over a great puzzle concerning the writer Marcel Proust: what happened in 1909? How did Contre Saint-Beuve, an essay attacking the methods of the critic Saint Beuve turn into the start of the novel Remembrance of Things Past? A recently published letter from Proust to the editor Vallette confirms that Fallois, the editor of the 1954 edition of Contre Saint-Beuve made an essentially correct guess about the relationship of the essay to the novel. Fallois proposed that Proust had tried to begin a novel in 1908, abandoned it for what was to be a long demonstration of Saint-Beuve’s blindness to the real nature of great writing, found the essay giving rise to personal memories and fictional developments, and allowed these to take over in a steadily developing novel.
    Draft passages in Proust’s 1909 notebooks Indicate that the transition from essay to novel began in Contre Saint-Beuve, when Proust introduced several examples to show the powerful influence that involuntary memory exerts over the creative imagination. In effect, in trying to demonstrate that the imagination is more profound and less submissive to the intellect than Saint-Beuve assumed. Proust elicited vital memories of his own and finding subtle connections between them, began to amass the material for Remembrance. By August, Proust was writing to Vallette, informing him of his intention to develop the material as a novel. Maurice Bardeche, in Marcel Proust, romancier has shown the importance in the drafts of Remembrance of spontaneous and apparently random associations of Proust’s subconscious. As incidents and reflections occurred to Proust, he continually inserted new passages altering and expanding his narrative. But he found it difficult to control the drift of his Inspiration. The vent richness and complexity of the meaningful relationships that kept presenting and rearranging themselves on all levels, from abstract intelligence to profound dreamy feelings, made it difficult for Proust to set them out coherently. The beginning of control came when he saw how to connect the beginning and the end of his novel.
    Intrigued by Proust’s claim that he had “begun and finished” Remembrance at the same time, Henri Bonnet discovered that parts of Remembrance’s last book were actually started in 1909. Already in that year, Proust had drafted descriptions of his novel’s characters in their old age that would appear in the final book of Remembrance, where the permanence of art is set against the ravages of time. The letter to Vallette, drafts of the essay and novel, and Bonnet’s researches establish in broad outline the process by which Proust generated his novel out of the ruins of his essay. But those of us who hoped, with Kolb, that Kolb’s newly published complete edition of Proust’s correspondence for 1909 would document the process in greater detail are disappointed. For until Proust was confident that he was at last in sight of a viable structure for Remembrance, he told few correspondents that he was producing anything more ambitious than Contre Saint-Beuve.


    One thing that you may also notice is ,this passage contains a lot of names and it becomes very difficult to comprehend what is happening with these difficult name and sentence structure
    Is there any technique to attack a problem like these (esp. the name issue),i am sure you would have one. 😀


    • Chris Lele
      Chris April 9, 2012 at 3:31 pm #

      Hi Aman,

      Wow, this passage is almost as convoluted as Rememberance of Things Past itself :).

      A good way to take this passage apart is to refer to people and things by abbreviations:

      CSB – essay by P
      V – editor P wrote letter to
      P – author who wrote CSB
      F – editor of CSB. Had theory of P writing of RTP that was confirmed by letter P sent to V

      HB, MB – two theorizes on the issue above (wrote books on P)

      Better yet, if you can create this schematic in your head, then this passage becomes far less daunting.

      This is a great passage for practice. I’m guessing what you see test day won’t be any more difficult than this :).

  15. Tanmay April 3, 2012 at 8:06 am #

    The sample video lectures provided are really very helpful !! Unfortunately had I known of this site before i gave my gre(2 yrs back) I would have greatly improved my score
    (also saving a lot of money i spent unnecessarily on coaching,which was not to this level).. will definitely recommend magoosh to all my friends appearing for gre.. Oh, and btw Chris, U rock !!

    • Chris Lele
      Chris April 3, 2012 at 11:24 am #


      Thanks for the kudos :).

      I am happy the lectures have been helpful. You can always take the new version of the GRE :).

  16. Aman March 29, 2012 at 1:36 am #


    I do reread the passage more than once for the topics related to arts , literature or a passage stating many theories 🙁 and if a passage contains more number of unacquainted vocab ,i wont reread twice but rather would reread the phrase containing the words twice ….
    About more than one answer choice ,i vacillate a lot i even tend to spend more time in the question and at the end marking it wrongly…..
    Say for example a long RC related to arts /Shakespeare literature ect is given containing difficult jagrons and phrases .
    so for this type i usually take
    5 min for reading (including rereading)
    then say it has 4 question
    2 direct
    2 indirect

    for direct once i would take 1 to 1.5 min each
    and indirect at around 2-3 mins
    total :at around 12-14 mins
    The effect my performance a lot for the remaining part of verbal section.

    For the indirect questions i even get carried away by the fact and even if i have marked the answer ,still would be with the question and thinking that have i marked it rightly or not ……

    Please help me out ….Its really Falter

    • Chris Lele
      Chris March 30, 2012 at 1:29 pm #

      Let me know how the passage exercise is coming along :).

  17. Aman March 28, 2012 at 11:00 pm #

    Hi Madan/Chris,
    Can you tell me from where i can get a pdf of LSAT RC power prep for free.
    I tried there CR for GMAT and its great …….

    Chris if you have any source of download please do tell me ,……


    • Chris Lele
      Chris March 29, 2012 at 11:46 am #

      Here you go:

      And don’t feel you have to go all the critical reasoning questions. Only a few show up on the GRE (and many of the question types in critical reasoning do not show up in the critical reasoning paragraphs that pop up on the GRE verbal section).

  18. Aman March 28, 2012 at 10:43 pm #

    Morning Chris,
    I mostly do reread the passage, not the whole certain sentences but when a passage is about literature ,arts ect say Shakespeare comparison with some one else (similar passage related to the topic) i even tend to reread the whole of it again

    And for the more than one answer question i always falter and do the question wrong .I even tend to take more time than required .
    So its like this a big passage containing lots of complex vocab usage is given firstly i would take more than 3 min to read the passage and after that even 3min to answer a more than one answer question .
    This all together reflects my performance in the test as i am left with less time now to attempt the other questions……

    Please help me out ….

    • Chris Lele
      Chris March 29, 2012 at 11:54 am #

      Hi Aman,

      Here is a good question: when you initially read the passage how much of the info. are you retaining? It is one thing to read the passage – even spending 5 minutes on it – it is a totally other thing to actually retain what you read.

      A good exercise is to take the first passage in the LSAT test (the one with Rita Dove). Spend about 3 to 4 minutes reading the passage (time yourself!).

      As soon as you are done force yourself, on paper, to come up with an outline of the passage, mentioning the main ideas and the details that supported those ideas. (Whatever you do, do not refer to the passage. Your outline must be based on the info. in your head).

      Also throw in any important concepts, esp, if words are italicized (this doesn’t really pertain to the Rita Dove passage). With passages that have multiple theories, mentions how does theories relate to one another.

      If you struggle to come up with anything, then the problem is in your ability to synthesize the info. as you read. If you have an elaborate outline that clearly shows that you understand the passage. The problem then may lie in your approach to the questions. Before I elaborate on questions, do this exercise first :).

      I eagerly anticipate the results :).

      • Aman March 29, 2012 at 12:14 pm #

        Chris ,
        You are right …i tend to learn less from the first few lines infact sometimes nothing gets into my head ….so i reread any a times and get very less

        I’ ll definately try the lsat passage and tell you the results

        Thanks Chris for being such a generous pundit….

        • Aman March 30, 2012 at 12:33 am #

          Chris ,
          I did the exercise and found,i was not into the passage …

          managed to get few things about the passage.(Witting in exactly the same way as i made a note of it)

          Topic :two forms of writing poetic and friction
          Scope:how to bound them and how are these related
          Tone : Persuasive .

          Similar situation happens when given a long RC .Things does’nt get into my head and moreover feel nervous as i know this fact .

          I am sure u know what i need to do to improve it…..

          • Chris Lele
            Chris March 30, 2012 at 1:41 pm #

            Oops, I did not see you had already posted this :).

            So it sounds like it is a psychological block: You must trick your mind so that you get into the passage.

            Sounds trite, but such a method works. Try it with the next passage in the LSAT. That is think of the passage as the greatest thing ever. That is the only way to turn your brain on so that it makes an effective outline of the passage.

            • Aman March 30, 2012 at 1:50 pm #

              I tried it again n this time as if i liked the passage though it took a bit of more time(5 mins) to read a long passage ( longer than rita one) but i was able to get what is happening in it . I even wrote some lines about the passage which seemed to true.However ,my struggle with except,least ,which is not true and more than one choices true still continues….

              N its my fault i only posted it twice . It wasn’t diplayed at first so i rewrote it

        • Chris Lele
          Chris March 30, 2012 at 1:42 pm #

          You’re welcome :).

  19. Aman March 28, 2012 at 10:50 am #

    Hi Chris,

    There is a new problem altogether which i am facing …..(There are so many now )
    I took an exam (infact 2-3 exams)and found that i am not able to complete verbal section on time specially RC’s ,say i could complete 50% of the reading comprehension and rest guess(when a passage of arts or liturature background appear the performance furher decreases) ….
    Please can you help me out as to how to increase my speed .


    • Chris Lele
      Chris March 28, 2012 at 12:14 pm #

      Hi Aman,

      No worries :). The RC plagues many students. So a few questions first:

      How are you reading the passage? Do you find yourself constantly rereading the passage? Do you find yourself constantly rereading the passage? Are you vacillating between more than one answer choice?

      Let me know the answers to these questions and I will help you come up with a targeted approach to help you speed up in RC :).

  20. Madan March 11, 2012 at 7:56 pm #

    Hi Chris,
    Can you please review the book “LSAT-Reading comprehension Bible” by Powerscore?.I thought to use this book for practicing RC.

    Madan Kumar

    • Chris Lele
      Chris March 28, 2012 at 12:12 pm #

      Hi Madan,

      Sorry, I am a little late in my reply.

      As for strategies, I want to work as much as possible in the ecosystem of the New GRE. While there is significant overlap between the two tests, I worry that there will be concepts covered that are not germane to the GRE, and with the new question types, there will be errors of omission.

      For practice questions/passages, LSAT is great. All that said, PowerScore has a very strong reputation with its ‘Bible’ series.

      That said, I will like to explore the PowerScore RC LSAT book more in-depth in the future.

  21. Madan February 13, 2012 at 12:32 pm #

    Thanks Chris.

  22. Madan Kumar February 12, 2012 at 12:45 pm #

    Thanks Chris.I am preparing to take the GRE in mid-of April. I am using the Princeton Review book for strategies and using Magoosh and “1014 Practice questions of Princeton” for taking test. Is this fine for getting good score in GRE? Am I going down the right path? Please let me know if I should follow some other books or strategies.

    • Chris Lele
      Chris February 13, 2012 at 11:59 am #

      Hi Madan,

      1014 is a great concept – plenty of GRE questions.

      My experience and the Amazon reviews show that the book was rushed to print with numerous typos and mediocre content.

      I would recommend the Manhattan GRE series instead. Take a look at my book reviews on the blog – click on the tab that says “book reviews” at the top of the post.

  23. Madan February 7, 2012 at 11:00 am #

    Hi Magoosh,
    Can you please throw some light on Analytical writing?


  24. raj January 12, 2012 at 3:49 am #

    hello sir,
    i am taking princeton review tests and final analysis of the test is showing that i am scoring less with rc(specific) and rc(argumentive).so sir will u be able to throw some light on these types of questions.
    thank u

  25. saranya November 15, 2011 at 7:39 am #

    Hi Chris, I have enrolled in magoosh gre recently and i wanted to know how to start up with practice sessions and lessons. According to your study plan of 3 months, I have gone through time, newsweek magazines for critical reading and improved a lot. Can you please help me in this regard.

    • Chris Lele
      Chris November 15, 2011 at 3:31 pm #

      Hi Saranya,

      I’m not sure if I understand you correctly…have you already bought the Magoosh GRE product? If not, you can access hundreds of lessons and practice questions. If you simply want more in-context reading you can try the Atlantic or the Economist.

  26. Am November 3, 2011 at 6:12 am #

    Hello, Chris
    I am taking the revised GRE in 2 weeks. Although I’m good with vocabulary, I have a lot of problems with Reading Comprehension. I have applied all the tricks but they don’t seem to work for me. Please help me out.

    • Chris Lele
      Chris November 8, 2011 at 4:44 pm #

      Hi Am,

      Sorry for not getting back to you sooner…once in a while a comment (esp. a small one like yours) can get lost in the mix. So before I can really answer that question, I have to have a better sense of what you mean when you say all the “tricks.” There are after all a lot of “tricks” out there. And “tricks” will only get you so far on reading comprehension. You must learn to read the passage for meaning and be able to answer questions in your own words so that you can anticipate answer choices. This skill takes a lot of practice. But get back to me and let me know how you are currently approaching the passages and I will do my best to help!

  27. Cy October 21, 2011 at 12:58 pm #

    Chris, how would one judge on an answer choice that uses numbers to illustrate the severity of a situation? For example, on the question titled “Mayor Towers Proposed,” the first answer choice A,

    “The mayor’s office estimates that the amount that would be saved by the proposed law would be from 1 percent to 3 percent of the city’s current annual expenditure on fire fighting, fire prevention, and fire damage. ”

    For this question, it’s difficult for me to judge whether that was a huge increase or a minimal increase in expenses. I guess we are using outside judgement here, where even 1/2 a percent is considered a big leap, i.e. unemployment numbers. In GRE land, what would be considered extreme or minimal? Thanks.


    • Chris Lele
      Chris Lele October 21, 2011 at 4:21 pm #

      Hi Cy,

      I would think of it in terms of how many times a percent has changed. In this case it is x3. Of course there is no clear rule here. For instance, 20% to 30% increase is more momentous than a .1 to a .3 increase (though it is only 50% greater, not three times as great).

      I agree that context is very important, and most of us do not have context with fire departments the way that we may have with unemployment. In GRE land you won’t be expected to know a certain context beforehand – a severe increase will be clear (e.g. 20 to 30%).

      Also, I remember you’d asked earlier about a post that deals with bold-faced question type and some of the usual accompanying verbiage. It’s just been published, so you can find it here: Let me know if you find it helpful.


      • Cy October 23, 2011 at 2:41 am #

        It’s helpful, only wish you guys did a module for it though like you guys did on the other topics. The text completion you did was awesome, I was able to do sentence completion pretty fast, now that I went through the 3500 word list. Right now, I am doing a quick read using Nova’s Critical Reasoning GMAT bible. It has the explanations and definitions of conclusion, premises, second premises and all that. I just learned what a stimulus was and it is not to prop the economy in the standardized test world! It also explains the questions where it has bold print, but I hope Nova’s material stays true to the test material. Apparently, the new GRE wanted to borrow things from the GMAT, so I guess I have to glance through the GMAT. I can’t believe how so many books on the new GRE does not cover this even though it would be in the real GRE exam!


        • Chris Lele
          Chris October 24, 2011 at 12:33 pm #


          Thanks for the great feedback! I agree that the critical reasoning question is an important one. This is first on my list for a touch up on the modules. And that’s the great thing with Magoosh – we can literally add content (modules/questions/etc.) over night, whereas with the “other guys” you have to wait till their respective publications come out a year from now.

          Anyways, good luck on the exam and let us know how you do!

  28. Cy October 12, 2011 at 12:26 pm #

    Hi Chris, can you post a quick how-to on reading comprehension that deals with the purpose of the highlighted sentences? I am pretty sure many of us have problems with the answer choices. You know, the ones where the answer choices start out as, the first serves as an intermediate conclusion that supports an earlier argument while the latter supports the conclusion as a whole. If you can help with just the definition of intermediate arguments and other convoluted words, that would be of great help. Thanks!


    • Chris Lele
      Chris October 13, 2011 at 10:19 am #

      That is definitely a pesky question type! So I think it definitely warrants a blogpost. Stay tuned, and I will try to publish one as soon as possible.

      • Cy October 14, 2011 at 1:14 am #

        Thanks Chris. If it isn’t too much to ask, can you help us out within 2 weeks? My test is coming in 3 weeks! I know some of us may need it sooner too! I have been searching many books, and even went through the modules where you explained these question types, but sometimes, I think the whole crux of understanding what these questions are asking escapes us. If you can’t, that’s fine, I would still continue to review the modules where these questions appear . Thanks!


        • Chris Lele
          Chris October 14, 2011 at 12:26 pm #

          Hi Cy,

          Not a problem – I will definitely have a post out by next week, detailing the thorny language of the critical reading passages. I’ll focus on the difference between a primary conclusion and an intermediate conclusion I will also discuss strengthen and weaken questions.

          Let me know if there is any other concepts you would like more help with, and I will do my best to include them.

          • Cy October 16, 2011 at 6:09 pm #

            Thanks! I look forward to reading your next blog. Those question types are are the toughest, in my opinion.


  29. Sebastian October 12, 2011 at 12:20 pm #

    Hi there. Approximately how many Long passages (i mean 50 lines ..about 500 words) can i expect on the GRE?

    Also, i realize that when it comes to those (literary…feminist,…art..movements/ causes..) kind of passages (i’m a business and engineering student), i get bored.

    I saw in your video that you recommend us to read more into these areas to remove the “phobia”. Could you recommend some sources where I could find stuff like these?

    Thanks alot,

    • Chris Lele
      Chris October 13, 2011 at 10:55 am #

      Good question. You can definitely expect one long passage, sometime as long as 70 lines. On occasion you may get two passages that are about 45 or 50 lines, but nothing longer. Again, my sample is limited to a few tests but that is my sense.

      As for those wonderful passages about Thomas Hardy’s use of pastoral scenes to reflect his character’s psychological development, or how Virginia’s Woolf’s work was both overtly and unconsciously feminist…you can practice on passages from the old GRE book, or better yet from the Big Book of 27 GRE tests. (Yeah, I know sounds like fun).

      As for more topical sources, Christopher Hitchens, the grouchy and prolix – yet often brilliant – writer for the Atlantic Monthly, usually contributes a monthly piece on some long-dead British author and a particular facet of his/her work (of facets, as tends to get very multi-faceted). Indeed, Hitchens is known to use more GRE words in one sentences than most writers do in an entire article (incidentally his pieces are a great resource for in-context reading).

      Finally, The New York Times book review is good too. While it focuses on new releases, the prose style is challenging – if your brain can make it through an entire book review, it should do fine on the GRE.

      I hope that helps remove the “phobia”!

  30. Joydev Kalita September 26, 2011 at 4:28 am #

    Hi Magoosh,

    I have tried practicing the Reding Comprehension but I am tired now, since I end up in scoring only 50% in the questions every time even though I read the passage thoroughly. The anticipation and exact findings of matching answers is a big time problem for me I feel. I have seen all the videos in the Magoosh video library but it is not helping me. Am I missing something? Please let me know if you could help me in sorting out this problem.


    • Chris Lele
      Chris September 27, 2011 at 11:51 am #

      Hi Joy,

      Without really sitting down with you and figuring out exactly where you are struggling, I can’t be too sure how to improve. One area, you could work on, is trying to understand that, out of the ones you miss, why the right answers are correct and the wrong ones wrong. Meaning, there may be a pattern to the ones you are missing. Is there something about the wrong answers you are picking? If you want you should review the wrong answers video in the RC module. Why are your wrong answers wrong? If you can answer this, I think you should be able to start picking up on a pattern and hopefully increase your correct rate to 70%.

      Good luck!

      • Joydev Kalita November 24, 2011 at 12:44 pm #

        Hi Chris,

        Your idea is working, Thanks a lot.

        I will give you one example by this question:

        Band Aid was the 1984 brainchild of Irish singer-songwriter Bob Geldof and his friend Jim “Midge” Ure. Its original purpose was to raise money for famine relief in Ethiopia. Geldof called on a variety of British and Irish singers (with a couple of Americans mixed in) to record a single for free. The song, “Do They Know It’s Christmas?,” was released on November 29 and went on to sell a million copies in its first week. It would remain the best-selling single in UK history for another 13 years. Sales of the record raised nearly $144 million for the Ethiopian cause. Geldof and Ure ran into trouble with the British government, however, which refused to waive taxes on the record until public sentiment forced its hand.

        Which of the following can be inferred about Band Aid solely on the basis of information in the passage?

        (A) After 13 years, it succeeded in ending famine in Ethiopia.
        (B) No sales of “Do They Know It’s Christmas?” occurred in 1998.
        (C) The musicians on the record worked for minimum wage.
        (D) The single easily reached number one on the U.S. pop charts.
        (E) Geldof and Ure timed the song’s release for the holiday season.

        When I solved this RC I chose option C as my answer coz I inferred the Band worked for charity, but actually the correct answer is E.

        Could you explain me whether what I thought is too much of assumption, as I make most of my mistakes in this kind of RCs.


        • Chris Lele
          Chris November 25, 2011 at 9:55 pm #

          So first off – where did you find this passage? It is definitely not a GRE/SAT or any standardized test I can think of. The main reason I ask is that is important to use strong material. And by strong material, I don’t necessarily mean official guide material. Kaplan or Princeton Review are going to have a certain standard they adhere to. This passage sounds like something out of REA (which is hands-down the worst test prep company in the world).

          So without using valid material it is hard to show you how an inference question really works. All that said – and I apologize for the mini-diatribe – you are definitely inferring way to much with answer choice (C). Unless the passage said something to the effect of “the musicians took part not because of the money, which was no different from what a person working their first job would earn, but because they wanted to do good.

          The passage actually says they “worked for free.” Therefore we know it cannot be (C).

          I’m not really sure if it could be (E) either in a test prep world. Sure Nov. 29th is close to Christmas but reasoning in that way is bringing in outside knowledge, i.e. not everyone knows it’s close to X-mas (yes, people in Mongolia take the GRE as well). My point is the passage and the question are poor attempts at trying to mirror a GRE question so to explain what is and what isn’t a valid inference we would need a valid passage.

          Hope that helps!

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