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Plenty of students want to improve their writing, and the only real way to do so is writing, and writing a lot.

But there is a catch-22 here: how do you improve your writing if you aren’t a good writer? How can you identify places to improve if you don’t know what needs improvement? How can you identify an error if you commit the error? These are all valid concerns, but trust me, you just need to start writing.

But we won’t send you out to sea without a life vest. We now have an essay rubric that breaks down the four aspects of writing that count towards your score—Quality of Ideas, Organization, Writing Style, and Grammar & Usage.

If you don’t know what those are now, you will soon. Each column represents one aspect of writing and each row represents a level from 0 to 6. Each cell of the rubric describes a specific aspect of writing at a specific level.

## How to Use the Rubric

After completing the essay, you’ll need to check the four aspects of your writing. Even better, if ask a friend to look over the essay and provide you a score. Give each aspect of your essay a score ranging from zero to six.

Total all four scores and find the average. Now you have a sense of your writing score. Round scores up as follows: Round a score of 4.25 to 4.5 and a score of 3.75 to 4.

Of course evaluating your own writing will be hard if you don’t know what to look for, but this is a perfect time to improve and practice. Taking a break between writing your essay and evaluating it will help to give you a more objective eye. Also, reading the essay aloud will help you to hear errors.

If you are unsure about your style, grammar, and usage, plug your essay into the Hemingway App. This is not a perfect piece of software, but its better than nothing and will catch a lot of grammar and usage errors.

### Quality of Ideas:

• Are the ideas creative, compelling, and relevant?
• Did you use an expected, typical example?
• Did you talk about two sides of the issue or just one?
• Were you attacking the major components of the argument or just the minor ones?
• Were the reasons feasible, believable, and relevant to the topic?

### Organization:

• Is there an introduction and conclusion?
• Does the response flow from paragraph to paragraph?
• Are there a lot of structure words to guide the reader, such as “for example,” “first,” or “further”?
• Is it easy to find the main idea of a paragraph and determine what the specific details supporting that idea are?
• Is it easy to understand the development of an idea and how it relates to the passage as a whole?

### Writing Style:

• Is there a mix of short sentences and long sentences?
• Is there a variety of sentence structures—simple, compound, complex, and compound-complex?
• Are the same words often repeated or are there a lot of synonyms and rephrasing?
• Are the sentences easy to read?
• Can the reader understand the ideas in a sentence?
• Do readers have to re-read a sentence multiple times to understand it?

### Grammar and Usage:

• Are there misspelled words?
• Are the lists and comparisons parallel in structure?
• Are there any subject-verb agreement errors or pronoun-antecedent errors?
• Are there any run-on sentences or sentence fragments?
• Are commas, dashes, and semi-colons used correctly?
• Are there any modification problems—dangling modifiers or ambiguous ones?

## Takeaway

If you don’t know a lot of the phrases and questions above, you’ll have a lot of practice and learning to do. But better to do it now, then wait until you have to write a paper in your grad school class.

Most people fired from a job aren’t surprised. They know where they have slacked and why they lost their job. I am sure that you can read your writing and know that there are problems (or that everything is great). I hope the rubric gives you a little more traction for evaluating your writing so that you know what you need to work on to improve.

Note: Some students might wonder why the rubric is for the GRE and GMAT. Both test evaluate essays in the same way, so the rubric will work for either test. 🙂